80% of the causes of throat diseases are caused by viruses. The most common ones are Rhinovirus, Adenoviru, influenza viruses, etc.
The remaining 20% is caused by bacteria and other external factors such as weather factors. Bacteria: common are pneumococcus, Hemophilus Influenzae, staphylococcal and the most dangerous is streptococcus ß group A. This group of bacteria can cause unpredictable complications such as glomerulonephritis, rheumatism, rheumatism, and cause death if not corrected promptly.
In addition, the throat disease is also very easy to go back and forth due to the impact of external factors such as environment and weather. At the time of changing seasons, the sudden change in temperature from hot to cold makes us unable to adapt, the immune system is weakened so there is a risk of sudden increase in throat diseases.
Besides oral hygiene or eating habits are not scientific, often eat hot spicy food, using stimulants is also the cause of throat diseases.
According to Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Thi Hoai An, the cold weather will lead to many diseases of the throat.
Accordingly, the throat disease will greatly affect the eating and communication of patients. Therefore, being aware of the aforementioned diseases will take timely treatment measures, avoiding the situation of long-term serious illnesses and possible complications affecting other organs of the body.
Associate Professor Nguyen Thi Hoai An, Head of Otolaryngology Department of An Viet General Hospital said that these are the 3 most dangerous throat diseases:
This is a very common throat disease, especially more common in children. The disease is usually caused by a virus, if left untreated for a long time, it can have very dangerous complications, especially for children. For early detection of an acute sore throat, you can rely on the following symptoms:
Acute pharyngitis is a common throat disease in children.
Sore throat: this is a common manifestation of throat diseases and acute sore throats is no exception. When sore throat, the throat will feel burning pain due to infection.
Headache, high fever: These are the first signs of acute pharyngitis, besides can be accompanied by muscle aches, and possibly cough.
Swollen glands in the jaw and neck area: when there is a sore throat, the lymph nodes in the jaw and neck area will hurt due to the body's defense mechanism.
When having the above signs, Assoc. Prof. An recommends that patients should be tested for an accurate diagnosis. The principle of treatment must be based on the cause of the disease, in the case of identifying bacteria and having antibiotic results, it is advisable to select antibiotics to treat appropriately with age, disease status and kinetics. of antibiotics. The use of drugs for treatment must follow the directions of the attending physician, not automatically buying medicines to treat themselves and their family members.
Particle pharyngitis is one of the most common throat diseases. Some noticeable manifestations of seed pharyngitis include:
Patients often have symptoms of grain throat often have a dry cough, cough without phlegm and cough often lasts for a long time, itching sensation in throat, throat with redness and swelling. When looking into the throat of the patient can detect red or white nodules of different sizes and may have pus.
Assoc. An said, granular pharyngitis need definite treatment. Patients should avoid irritation of the pharynx such as smoke, water and cold food, avoid getting cold, do not drink alcohol, stimulants, do not eat very spicy or too hot food, do not smoke, protect clean teeth and mouth.
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a very dangerous throat disease that can directly affect human life. Signs of nasopharyngeal cancer, according to Associate Professor An, are the appearance of dull and prolonged migraines. The person may have a stuffy nose and bloody discharge along with the runny nose. The person has tinnitus and tinnitus attacks become longer and heavier. When looking at or looking at the roof of the throat, bleeding or bloody discharge may be seen.
Tumors in the nasopharynx area can be detected when a postoscopy is performed.
According to Assoc. Prof. An, as well as many other cancers, throat cancer if detected at an early stage, just needing chemicals and radiation treatment, the ability to cure is completely possible, even patients living 30 healthy year.
In order to detect the disease early, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Thi Hoai An recommends that people should know how to prevent disease themselves, so they should conduct health check and endoscopy once a year.
When there are signs of suspicion of nasopharyngeal cancer, you should also see the ENT specialists for an accurate examination and diagnosis.